-->
> Platform : Blogger >> Category : Magazine >> Homepage : https://squeeze-template.blogspot.com >> Version : 1.0.0 >> License : Free =========================================================== */ /* ==================== >> TABLE OF CONTENTS : ======================= 🔹 Variables 🔹 Normalize 🔹 Spinner 🔹 Fonts 🔹 OwlCarousel 🔹 Main 🔹 Widths 🔹 Framework 🔹 Header 🔹 Intro 🔹 Sidebar 🔹 Footer 🔹 Widgets 🔹 Pages (Common) 🔹 Homepage 🔹 Post Page 🔹 Error Page 🔹 Redirect Page 🔹 Archive Page 🔹 Authors Page 🔹 Shortcodes 🔹 Responsive */ /*================= 🔹 Variables ===================*/ /**/ /*================= 🔹 Normalize ===================*/ html{font-family:serif;line-height:1.15;-ms-text-size-adjust:100%;-webkit-text-size-adjust:100%}body{margin:0}article,aside,footer,header,nav,section{display:block}h1{font-size:2em;margin:.67em 0}figcaption,figure,main{display:block}figure{margin:1em 40px}hr{box-sizing:content-box;height:0;overflow:visible}pre{font-family:monospace,monospace;font-size:1em}a:focus,a:active{outline:none}a{background-color:transparent;-webkit-text-decoration-skip:objects}a:active,a:hover{outline-width:0}abbr[title]{border-bottom:none;text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline dotted}b,strong{font-weight:inherit;font-weight:bolder}code,kbd,samp{font-family:monospace,monospace;font-size:1em}dfn{font-style:italic}mark{background-color:#ff0;color:#000}small{font-size:80%}sub,sup{font-size:75%;line-height:0;position:relative;vertical-align:baseline}sub{bottom:-.25em}sup{top:-.5em}audio,video{display:inline-block}audio:not([controls]){display:none;height:0}img{max-width:100%;border-style:none}svg:not(:root){overflow:hidden}button,input,optgroup,select,textarea{font-family:serif;font-size:100%;line-height:1.15;margin:0}button,input{outline:none!important;overflow:visible}button,select{text-transform:none}button,html [type="button"],[type="reset"],[type="submit"]{-webkit-appearance:button}button::-moz-focus-inner,[type="button"]::-moz-focus-inner,[type="reset"]::-moz-focus-inner,[type="submit"]::-moz-focus-inner{border-style:none;padding:0}button:-moz-focusring,[type="button"]:-moz-focusring,[type="reset"]:-moz-focusring,[type="submit"]:-moz-focusring{outline:1px dotted ButtonText}fieldset{border:1px solid silver;margin:0 2px;padding:.35em .625em .75em}legend{box-sizing:border-box;color:inherit;display:table;max-width:100%;padding:0;white-space:normal}progress{display:inline-block;vertical-align:baseline}textarea{overflow:auto}[type="checkbox"],[type="radio"]{box-sizing:border-box;padding:0}[type="number"]::-webkit-inner-spin-button,[type="number"]::-webkit-outer-spin-button{height:auto}[type="search"]{-webkit-appearance:textfield;outline-offset:-2px}[type="search"]::-webkit-search-cancel-button,[type="search"]::-webkit-search-decoration{-webkit-appearance:none}::-webkit-file-upload-button{-webkit-appearance:button;font:inherit}details,menu{display:block}summary{display:list-item}canvas{display:inline-block}template{display:none}[hidden]{display:none}iframe{border:none} *,:before,:after{-webkit-box-sizing:border-box;-moz-box-sizing:border-box;box-sizing:border-box} /*================= 🔹 Fonts ===================*/ @font-face{font-family:'Cairo';font-style:normal;font-weight:400;src:local(Cairo),local(Cairo-Regular),url(https://fonts.gstatic.com/s/cairo/v3/SLXGc1nY6HkvalIkTpu0xg.woff2) format("woff2");unicode-range:U+0600-06FF,U+200C-200E,U+2010-2011,U+204F,U+2E41,U+FB50-FDFF,U+FE80-FEFC}@font-face{font-family:'Cairo';font-style:normal;font-weight:400;src:local(Cairo),local(Cairo-Regular),url(https://fonts.gstatic.com/s/cairo/v3/SLXGc1nY6HkvalIvTpu0xg.woff2) format("woff2");unicode-range:U+0100-024F,U+0259,U+1E00-1EFF,U+2020,U+20A0-20AB,U+20AD-20CF,U+2113,U+2C60-2C7F,U+A720-A7FF}@font-face{font-family:'Cairo';font-style:normal;font-weight:400;src:local(Cairo),local(Cairo-Regular),url(https://fonts.gstatic.com/s/cairo/v3/SLXGc1nY6HkvalIhTps.woff2) format("woff2");unicode-range:U+0000-00FF,U+0131,U+0152-0153,U+02BB-02BC,U+02C6,U+02DA,U+02DC,U+2000-206F,U+2074,U+20AC,U+2122,U+2191,U+2193,U+2212,U+2215,U+FEFF,U+FFFD}@font-face{font-family:'Cairo';font-style:normal;font-weight:600;src:local('Cairo SemiBold'),local(Cairo-SemiBold),url(https://fonts.gstatic.com/s/cairo/v3/SLXLc1nY6Hkvalr-ao6O59ZMaA.woff2) format("woff2");unicode-range:U+0600-06FF,U+200C-200E,U+2010-2011,U+204F,U+2E41,U+FB50-FDFF,U+FE80-FEFC}@font-face{font-family:'Cairo';font-style:normal;font-weight:600;src:local('Cairo SemiBold'),local(Cairo-SemiBold),url(https://fonts.gstatic.com/s/cairo/v3/SLXLc1nY6Hkvalr-ao6F59ZMaA.woff2) format("woff2");unicode-range:U+0100-024F,U+0259,U+1E00-1EFF,U+2020,U+20A0-20AB,U+20AD-20CF,U+2113,U+2C60-2C7F,U+A720-A7FF}@font-face{font-family:'Cairo';font-style:normal;font-weight:600;src:local('Cairo SemiBold'),local(Cairo-SemiBold),url(https://fonts.gstatic.com/s/cairo/v3/SLXLc1nY6Hkvalr-ao6L59Y.woff2) format("woff2");unicode-range:U+0000-00FF,U+0131,U+0152-0153,U+02BB-02BC,U+02C6,U+02DA,U+02DC,U+2000-206F,U+2074,U+20AC,U+2122,U+2191,U+2193,U+2212,U+2215,U+FEFF,U+FFFD} /*================= 🔹 Main ===================*/ body{font-family:'Cairo',serif;font-size:14px;line-height:1.5em} body::-webkit-scrollbar{background-color:$(main.back);width:10px} body::-webkit-scrollbar-thumb{background:$(keycolor)} body::-moz-selection{background:$(keycolor);color:#FFF} body[data-boxed='true'] .main-container{max-width:$(content.width)} ::-moz-selection{background:$(keycolor);color:#FFF} ::selection{background:$(keycolor);color:#FFF} ul{list-style:none;padding:0;margin:0} p{line-height:2;font-size:12px;text-align:justify} a{text-decoration:none;color:inherit} .main-container{width:100%;margin:0 auto;background-color:$(main.back);-webkit-box-shadow:0 4px 8px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.2),0 6px 20px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.19);-moz-box-shadow:0 4px 8px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.2),0 6px 20px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.19);box-shadow:0 4px 8px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.2),0 6px 20px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.19)} .main-container:before,.main-container:after{content:'';display:block;height:3px;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color))} .middle-content{overflow:hidden} .main-wrap{padding:0 $(main.padding)} #RecentPosts{margin-bottom:$(main.margin)} .side-$startSide{margin-bottom:$(main.margin)} body.no-sidebar .side-$startSide{float:none;width:100%} body.no-sidebar aside{display:none} .tempscheme{border-color:$(keycolor) $(footer.line) $(step.color) $(footer.text);float:$startSide;text-align:$endSide;color:$(keycolor);background-color:$(step.color)} /*================= 🔹 Widths ===================*/ .side-$startSide{width:-webkit-calc(100% - $(sidebar.width) - 2%);width:-moz-calc(100% - $(sidebar.width) - 2%);width:calc(100% - $(sidebar.width) - 2%);float:$startSide} aside{float:$endSide;width:$(sidebar.width)} .wrapper{max-width:$(content.width);margin:0 auto} header .color-wrap{background-color:$(menu.back)} #footer .color-wrap{position:relative;background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.1)} /*================= 🔹 Framework ===================*/ /* ------- Quickedit ------ */ .quickedit:after{content:'\f0ad';position:absolute;font-family:fontawesome;color:#666;top:100%;$endSide:0;font-size:18px;z-index:5;opacity:.8} .quickedit:hover:after{-webkit-animation:quickedit .3s ease-in-out;-moz-animation:quickedit .3s ease-in-out;-o-animation:quickedit .3s ease-in-out;animation:quickedit .3s ease-in-out;opacity:1} @-webkit-keyframes quickedit { 50%{-webkit-transform:rotate(30deg);transform:rotate(30deg)} 75%{-webkit-transform:rotate(-30deg);transform:rotate(-30deg)} 100%{-webkit-transform:rotate(30deg);transform:rotate(30deg)} } @-moz-keyframes quickedit { 50%{-webkit-transform:rotate(30deg);-moz-transform:rotate(30deg);transform:rotate(30deg)} 75%{-webkit-transform:rotate(-30deg);-moz-transform:rotate(-30deg);transform:rotate(-30deg)} 100%{-webkit-transform:rotate(30deg);-moz-transform:rotate(30deg);transform:rotate(30deg)} } @-o-keyframes quickedit { 50%{-webkit-transform:rotate(30deg);-o-transform:rotate(30deg);transform:rotate(30deg)} 75%{-webkit-transform:rotate(-30deg);-o-transform:rotate(-30deg);transform:rotate(-30deg)} 100%{-webkit-transform:rotate(30deg);-o-transform:rotate(30deg);transform:rotate(30deg)} } @keyframes quickedit { 50%{-webkit-transform:rotate(30deg);-moz-transform:rotate(30deg);-o-transform:rotate(30deg);transform:rotate(30deg)} 75%{-webkit-transform:rotate(-30deg);-moz-transform:rotate(-30deg);-o-transform:rotate(-30deg);transform:rotate(-30deg)} 100%{-webkit-transform:rotate(30deg);-moz-transform:rotate(30deg);-o-transform:rotate(30deg);transform:rotate(30deg)} } /* ------- Headlines ------ */ .headline{margin-bottom:15px;border-bottom:2px solid $(main.line)} .main-wrap aside .headline{margin-bottom:15px;border-bottom:2px solid $(aside.line)} #footer .headline{margin-bottom:15px;border-bottom:2px solid $(footer.line)} #LinkList303 .headline h6{margin-top:0} .headline h6{display:inline-block;margin:0 0 12px;font-size:17px;position:relative} .main-wrap .headline h6{color:$(main.title)} .main-wrap aside .headline h6{color:$(aside.title)} #footer .headline h6{color:$(footer.title)} .headline h6:after{content:"";height:2px;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));position:absolute;top:33px;$endSide:0;$startSide:0;bottom:0} .headline a{color:$(main.text);float:$endSide;padding:5px 12px;font-size:12px;background-color:$(main.line);-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;line-height:18px} /* ------ Read More ------ */ .read-more{display:inline-block;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));padding:5px 15px;font-size:14px;font-weight:700;color:$(grad.color);-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px} .read-more:hover{padding:5px 25px} /* ------ Post Share ------ */ .post-share{float:$endSide} .post-share .share-icon{z-index:1;float:$endSide;width:31px;height:31px;line-height:31px;text-align:center;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));color:$(grad.color);font-size:16px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;cursor:pointer;position:relative} .post-share .share-icon:after{opacity:0;content:"";font-family:FontAwesome;border-width:5px;border-style:solid;position:absolute;top:11px;$endSide:100%} [dir='rtl'] .post-share .share-icon:after{border-color:transparent transparent transparent $(keycolor)} [dir='ltr'] .post-share .share-icon:after{border-color:transparent $(keycolor) transparent transparent} .post-share .share-icon.arrow:after{opacity:1} .post-share .share-menu{visibility:hidden;float:$endSide;margin-top:1px;margin-bottom:0;margin-$endSide:5px} .post-share .share-menu li{float:$endSide;opacity:0;margin-$endSide:5px} [dir='rtl'] .post-share .share-menu li{-webkit-transform:translateX(-30px);-ms-transform:translateX(-30px);-moz-transform:translateX(-30px);-o-transform:translateX(-30px);transform:translateX(-30px)} [dir='ltr'] .post-share .share-menu li{-webkit-transform:translateX(30px);-ms-transform:translateX(30px);-moz-transform:translateX(30px);-o-transform:translateX(30px);transform:translateX(30px)} .post-share .share-menu li i{width:27px;height:27px;line-height:27px;margin-top:1px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;color:#FFF} .post-share .share-menu li .fa-facebook{background-color:#3b5998} .post-share .share-menu li .fa-twitter{background-color:#1da1f2} .post-share .share-menu li .fa-pinterest-p{background-color:#dd4b39} .share-open.share-menu{visibility:visible} [dir] .share-open.share-menu li{opacity:1;-webkit-transform:translateX(0);-ms-transform:translateX(0);-moz-transform:translateX(0);-o-transform:translateX(0);transform:translateX(0)} .share-open.share-menu li:nth-of-type(1){-webkit-transition:.4s linear;-o-transition:.4s linear;-moz-transition:.4s linear;transition:.4s linear} .share-open.share-menu li:nth-of-type(2){-webkit-transition:.3s linear;-o-transition:.3s linear;-moz-transition:.3s linear;transition:.3s linear} .share-open.share-menu li:nth-of-type(3){-webkit-transition:.2s linear;-o-transition:.2s linear;-moz-transition:.2s linear;transition:.2s linear} /* ------ Image Wrap ------ */ .img-wrap{display:block;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;overflow:hidden;position:relative} .img-wrap:hover img{-webkit-transform:scale(1.1) rotate(3deg);-ms-transform:scale(1.1) rotate(3deg);-moz-transform:scale(1.1) rotate(3deg);-o-transform:scale(1.1) rotate(3deg);transform:scale(1.1) rotate(3deg)} .overlay{opacity:0;width:100%;height:100%;overflow:hidden;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));position:absolute;top:0;$endSide:0}{opacity:0;width:100%;height:100%;overflow:hidden;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;background:rgba(0,0,0,0.6);position:absolute;top:0;$endSide:0} .img-wrap:hover .overlay{opacity:.8} .details-on-img{position:absolute;top:0;$endSide:0;$startSide:0;bottom:0} .details-on-img .author-prof,.details-on-img .post-date{padding:0 4px;background:$(main.back);font-size:10px;-webkit-border-radius:1px;-moz-border-radius:1px;border-radius:1px;position:absolute;$startSide:-100%;z-index:2;-webkit-box-shadow: -2px 2px 10px -1px rgba(0,0,0,0.3);-moz-box-shadow: -2px 2px 10px -1px rgba(0,0,0,0.3);box-shadow: -2px 2px 10px -1px rgba(0,0,0,0.3)} .details-on-img .author-prof{color:$(keycolor)} .details-on-img .post-date{color:$(step.color)} .img-wrap .author-prof{top:30px;-webkit-transition:.4s linear;-o-transition:.4s linear;-moz-transition:.4s linear;transition:.4s linear} .img-wrap .post-date{top:55px;-webkit-transition:.6s linear;-o-transition:.6s linear;-moz-transition:.6s linear;transition:.6s linear} .img-wrap:hover .author-prof,.img-wrap:hover .post-date{$startSide:0} .img-wrap img{display:none;width:100%;height:100%} .details-on-img i{margin-$endSide:5px} .caption{padding:30px;background:-webkit-gradient(linear,$endSide top, $endSide bottom,from(transparent),color-stop(rgba(0,0,0,0.7)),to(#000));background:-webkit-linear-gradient(transparent,rgba(0,0,0,0.7),#000);background:-o-linear-gradient(transparent,rgba(0,0,0,0.7),#000);background:-moz-linear-gradient(transparent,rgba(0,0,0,0.7),#000);background:linear-gradient(transparent,rgba(0,0,0,0.7),#000);color:#FFF;position:absolute;bottom:0;$startSide:0;$endSide:0} aside .img-wrap:before,aside .img-wrap:after{display:none} /* ------ Social Colors ------ */ .social{font-size:0} .social li{display:inline-block;margin:0 2px} .social li i{color:#FFF;width:28px;height:28px;line-height:28px;margin-bottom:5px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;display:inline-block;text-align:center;font-size:16px} .social-sites .social li:hover{-webkit-animation:SocIcons .2s ease-in-out;-moz-animation:SocIcons .2s ease-in-out;-o-animation:SocIcons .2s ease-in-out;animation:SocIcons .2s ease-in-out} @-webkit-keyframes SocIcons { 50%{-webkit-transform:scale(0.7);transform:scale(0.7)} 100%{-webkit-transform:scale(1.5);transform:cale(1.5)} } @-moz-keyframes SocIcons { 50%{-webkit-transform:scale(0.7);-moz-transform:scale(0.7);transform:scale(0.7)} 100%{-webkit-transform:scale(1.5);-moz-transform:cale(1.5);transform:cale(1.5)} } @-o-keyframes SocIcons { 50%{-webkit-transform:scale(0.7);-o-transform:scale(0.7);transform:scale(0.7)} 100%{-webkit-transform:scale(1.5);-o-transform:cale(1.5);transform:cale(1.5)} } @keyframes SocIcons { 50%{-webkit-transform:scale(0.7);-moz-transform:scale(0.7);-o-transform:scale(0.7);transform:scale(0.7)} 100%{-webkit-transform:scale(1.5);-moz-transform:cale(1.5);-o-transform:cale(1.5);transform:cale(1.5)} } .social .fa-facebook {background-color:#3b5998} .social .fa-twitter {background-color:#1da1f2} .social .fa-rss {background-color:#f26522} .social .fa-dribbble {background-color:#ea4c89} .social .fa-google-plus {background-color:#dd4b39} .social .fa-pinterest {background-color:#cc2127} .social .fa-linkedin {background-color:#0976b4} .social .fa-youtube {background-color:#e52d27} .social .fa-wordpress {background-color:#1081B1} .social .fa-digg {background-color:#476BA3} .social .fa-quora {background-color:#a82400} .social .fa-spotify {background-color:#1ed760} .social .fa-reddit {background-color:#ff4500} .social .fa-snapchat {background-color:#f5d602} .social .fa-drupal {background-color:#008BCA} .social .fa-github {background-color:#000000} .social .fa-flickr {background-color:#FF0084} .social .fa-tumblr {background-color:#304E6C} .social .fa-instagram {background-color:#7c38af;background: radial-gradient(circle at 0 130%, #fdf497 0%, #fdf497 5%, #fd5949 45%,#d6249f 60%,#285AEB 90%);} .social .fa-delicious {background-color:#DEDEDF} .social .fa-behance {background-color:#009fff} .social .fa-soundcloud {background-color:#FF5419} .social .fa-telegram {background-color:#32AEE1} .social .fa-website {background-color:#444444} .social .fa-google-play {background-color:#3d9dab} .fa-google-play:before{content:'\f04b'} .fa-website:before{content:"\f0ac"} /* ------ Label-Title ------ */ .label-title{padding:0 8px;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));color:$(grad.color);font-size:12px;-webkit-border-radius:1.5px;-moz-border-radius:1.5px;border-radius:1.5px;position:absolute;top:10px;$startSide:10px;z-index:2} .img-wrap:hover .label-title{$startSide:-100%} .img-wrap .label-name{float:$startSide;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));padding:2px 10px;-webkit-border-radius:100px;-moz-border-radius:100px;border-radius:100px;font-size:12px;margin-bottom:5px;color:$(grad.color);position:relative;$startSide:0} .img-wrap:hover .label-name{$startSide:-100%} /* ------ Ribble Button ------ */ .ribble{position:relative;overflow:hidden} .ribble b{position:relative;z-index:1;-webkit-transition:.6s ease-in-out;-o-transition:.6s ease-in-out;-moz-transition:.6s ease-in-out;transition:.6s ease-in-out} .ribble:hover{padding:5px 20px} .ribble:hover b{color:$(grad.color)} .ribble:before{content:'';background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));position:absolute;top:100%;$startSide:-200%;height:200%;width:200%;display:block;z-index:1;-webkit-border-radius:100px;-moz-border-radius:100px;border-radius:100px;-webkit-transform:scale(0);-ms-transform:scale(0);-moz-transform:scale(0);-o-transform:scale(0);transform:scale(0);-webkit-transition:.5s ease-in-out;-o-transition:.5s ease-in-out;-moz-transition:.5s ease-in-out;transition:.5s ease-in-out} .ribble:hover:before{top:-25px;$startSide:-50px;-webkit-transform:scale(1);-ms-transform:scale(1);-moz-transform:scale(1);-o-transform:scale(1);transform:scale(1)} /* ------ Other ------ */ .blog-admin,#uds-searchControl,#ContactForm93{display:none} .clear-$endSide{display:block;height:1px;clear:$endSide} .clear{height:1px;clear:both;display:block} object{max-width:100%} .hide{display:none!important} :not(.notr),:not(.notr):before,:not(.notr):after{-webkit-transition:.3s ease-in-out;-o-transition:.3s ease-in-out;-moz-transition:.3s ease-in-out;transition:.3s ease-in-out} .post-body #ContactForm93{display:block} div#Tempnec{display:none!important} /*================= 🔹 Header ===================*/ header #top-bar{padding:0 $(main.padding);height:40px;line-height:40px;color:#FFF;position:relative} #head-sec{padding:$(main.margin) $(main.padding);min-height:120px;overflow:hidden} /* ------ Header Social ------ */ header #top-bar #LinkList301{max-width:30%;margin-$endSide:15px;float:$startSide;position:relative;height:40px} #LinkList301 .social-sites{margin-top:5px} #LinkList301 .social-sites li{vertical-align:top} /* ------ Header Pages List ------ */ header #top-bar #PageList301{float:$startSide;max-width:-webkit-calc(70% - 60px);max-width:-moz-calc(70% - 60px);max-width:calc(70% - 60px);height:40px} header #top-bar .menu li{float:$startSide;margin:8px 0} header #top-bar .menu li a{-webkit-transition:none;-o-transition:none;-moz-transition:none;transition:none;background:rgba(255,255,255,0.1);margin-$endSide:7px;font-size:12px;display:block;line-height:normal;padding:0 10px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;font-weight:700;color:$(menu.text);line-height:2em} header #top-bar .menu li a:hover,header #top-bar .menu li.selected a{color:$(grad.color);background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color))} header #top-bar .menu-res{display:none} header #top-bar .menu-res i{display:block;width:30px;height:30px;line-height:30px;font-size:20px;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));color:$(grad.color);text-align:center;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;cursor:pointer;position:absolute;top:5px;$startSide:$(main.padding);z-index:2;cursor:pointer} nav.menu-res-wrap ul:before{content:"";border-width:8px;border-style:solid;border-color:transparent transparent $(menu.back);position:absolute;top:-14px;$startSide:10px;z-index:2} nav.menu-res-wrap ul{width:180px;top:50px;position:absolute;background-color:$(menu.back);$startSide:10px;padding:10px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;z-index:9999} nav.menu-res-wrap ul a{display:block;border-bottom:1px dotted rgba(255,255,255,0.2);color:$(menu.text);text-align:center} nav.menu-res-wrap ul li:last-of-type a{border-bottom:none} /* ------ Search Box ------ */ header #top-bar #HTML301{direction:ltr;min-width:200px;height:30px;position:absolute;$endSide:$(main.padding);top:0} header #top-bar .search form{direction:rtl;position:relative} header #top-bar .search form span{color:$(grad.color);background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));display:block;width:30px;height:30px;line-height:29px;font-size:18px;text-align:center;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;cursor:pointer;position:absolute;top:5px;$endSide:0;z-index:2} header #top-bar .search form span.open-search:after{opacity:1;$endSide:100%} header #top-bar .search input{font-family:inherit;-webkit-border-radius:0 1px 1px 0;-moz-border-radius:0 1px 1px 0;border-radius:0 1px 1px 0;height:30px;margin:5px 0;background-color:$(menu.back);color:#FFF;font-size:12px;border:none;outline:none;position:absolute;$endSide:30px;width:0} header #top-bar .search .open-search ~ input{padding:0 15px;width:100%} /* ------ Logo & AD ------ */ #Header1{width:290px;float:$startSide} #Header1 .headone{font-weight:700;display:block;margin:0 0 10px;font-size:35px;line-height:1em;text-align:center} #Header1 p{margin:0;font-size:12px;text-align:center;line-height:1.5em} #Header1 img{width:auto;max-width:100%;margin:0 auto;display:block} #HTML302{width:728px;float:$endSide;text-align:$endSide} /* ------ Main Menu ------ */ #menu-bar{clear:both;position:relative;margin-bottom:$(main.margin);padding:0 $(main.padding)} #LinkList302{height:58px;background-color:$(menu.back);position:relative} #LinkList302:before{content:'';display:block;height:3px;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));position:absolute;width:100%;bottom:0;$startSide:0} #menu-bar .menu-bar ul li{float:$startSide} #menu-bar .menu-bar ul li>a{font-weight:700;display:block;width:100%;padding:17px 15px;color:$(menu.text);position:relative} #menu-bar .menu-bar li>a:hover{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.2);color:#FFF} #menu-bar .menu-bar ul li.drop-menu-st >a{padding-$endSide:30px} .menu-bar ul i{font-size:18px;display:inline-block;vertical-align:middle;margin-$endSide:10px} #menu-bar .home{white-space:nowrap;overflow:hidden;height:55px;line-height:25px;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));color:#FFF!important;min-width:65px;max-width:65px} #menu-bar .home:hover{max-width:100%!important;padding-$startSide:40px} #menu-bar .home b{position:relative;$startSide:50px} #menu-bar .home:hover b{$startSide:0px} .home:before{font-weight:400;content:"\f015";font-family:FontAwesome;font-size:20px;position:absolute;$startSide:23px;text-indent:0;-webkit-transform:scale(2);-ms-transform:scale(2);-moz-transform:scale(2);-o-transform:scale(2);transform:scale(2);top:16px} #menu-bar .home:hover:before{$startSide:10px;-webkit-transform:scale(1);-ms-transform:scale(1);-moz-transform:scale(1);-o-transform:scale(1);transform:scale(1)} /* ------ Sub Menu ------ */ #menu-bar .menu-bar li>ul li a{padding:12px 20px} #menu-bar .menu-bar li>ul li a:hover{background:-webkit-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));color:$(grad.color);padding-$startSide:30px} #menu-bar .menu-bar .drop-menu-st{position:relative;padding-bottom:5px} #menu-bar .menu-bar .drop-menu-st:after{content:"\f078";font-family:FontAwesome;font-size:10px;color:$(menu.text);position:absolute;top:18px;$endSide:10px} #menu-bar .menu-bar .drop-menu-st ul{display:none;width:200px;height:auto;background-color:$(menu.back);position:absolute;top:58px;z-index:10;-webkit-box-shadow:0 5px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.2);-moz-box-shadow:0 5px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.2);box-shadow:0 5px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.2)} #menu-bar .menu-bar .drop-menu-st:hover ul{display:block} #menu-bar .menu-bar .drop-menu-st ul li{float:none} /* ------ Responsive Menu ------ */ .menu-bar-res{display:none} .menu-bar-res .fa-bars{cursor:pointer;float:$endSide;color:$(grad.color);background:-webkit-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));height:55px;width:55px;text-align:center;font-size:26px;padding-top:16px} .res-home{display:none;float:$startSide;height:55px;width:110px;text-align:center;padding-top:17px;color:$(grad.color);background:-webkit-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));font-weight:700} .res-home:before{content:"\f015";font-family:FontAwesome;font-weight:400;font-size:24px;margin-$endSide:5px;display:inline-block;vertical-align:-2px} /*================= 🔹 Sidebar ===================*/ aside .widget{margin-bottom:$(main.margin)} /* ------ Social Widget ------ */ .social-counter .social{overflow:hidden;padding:$(main.padding);border:1px solid $(aside.line)} .social-counter li{float:$startSide;width:23.5%;margin:0 1%;min-width:55px} .social-counter li:nth-child(4n+1){margin-$startSide:0} .social-counter li:nth-child(4n+4){margin-$endSide:0} .social-counter li i{text-align:center;display:block;width:55px;height:55px;line-height:55px;margin:auto;color:#FFF;font-size:24px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;-webkit-transform:translate(0,5px);-ms-transform:translate(0,5px)} .social-counter li:hover i{-webkit-transform:translate(0);-ms-transform:translate(0)} .social-counter li div{color:$(aside.link);padding:5px 7px;margin-bottom:15px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;background-color:$(aside.line);font-size:11px;text-align:center;position:relative} .social-counter li div:after{content:"";display:block;border-width:5px;border-style:solid;border-color:transparent transparent $(aside.line);position:absolute;top:-10px;$endSide:44%} /*================= 🔹 Footer ===================*/ #footer{position:relative;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(footer.back1),$(footer.back2));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(footer.back1),$(footer.back2));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(footer.back1),$(footer.back2));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(footer.back1),$(footer.back2));border-top:3px solid $(keycolor);clear:both} #footer-sections{font-size:0;padding:$(main.margin) $(main.padding)} #footer-sections .f-sec{display:inline-block;vertical-align:top;font-size:14px;width:-webkit-calc((100% - 90px)/4);width:-moz-calc((100% - 90px)/4);width:calc((100% - 90px)/4);margin-$endSide:30px} #footer-sections .f-sec:last-of-type{margin-$endSide:0} #footer-sections .f-sec .widget{margin-bottom:$(main.margin)} #footer-sections .f-sec .widget:last-of-type{margin-bottom:0} #footer-top-section:not(.no-items){padding:$(main.margin) 0;margin:0 $(main.padding);border-bottom:1px solid $(footer.line)} #footer-bottom-section:not(.no-items){padding:$(main.margin) 0;margin:0 $(main.padding);border-top:1px solid $(footer.line)} [data-boxed='false'] #footer-top-section:not(.no-items).wrapper{margin:$(main.margin) auto 0;padding:0 $(main.padding) $(main.margin)} [data-boxed='false'] #footer-bottom-section:not(.no-items).wrapper{margin:0 auto;padding:$(main.margin) $(main.padding)} #footer-top-section:not(.no-items).wrapper{padding:$(main.margin) 0;margin:0 $(main.padding)} #footer-cop-section{padding:5px $(main.padding);overflow:hidden;position:relative} /* ------ Copyrights ------ */ #HTML303{color:$(footer.link);margin-top:5px;float:$startSide} #HTML303 > *{vertical-align:middle;display:inline-block} #HTML303 a{color:$(keycolor)} #HTML303 a:hover{color:$(step.color);text-decoration:underline} #HTML303 > b{font-family:Tahoma;color:$(keycolor);font-size:15px} #LinkList304{float:$endSide;margin-top:5px} .credits span{margin-$endSide:5px} /* ------ Footer Scroll To Top ------ */ .scroll-top{background-color:$(footer.line);width:30px;height:30px;text-align:center;border-radius:100px;color:$(footer.text);padding-top:7px;cursor:pointer;position:absolute;left:calc(50% - 15px);top:-15px;z-index:1} .scroll-top:before{display:block} .scroll-top:hover{background:$(keycolor);color:#FFF} /*================= 🔹 Widgets ===================*/ .widget{position:relative} .widget-item-control{position:absolute;$endSide:0;top:100%;z-index:2;opacity:.7} .widget-item-control:hover{opacity:1} #top-bar .widget-item-control{top:0} .item-thumbnail img{display:none} /* ------ Email Subscription ------ */ aside .subscrib-sec p{margin:0 0 10px;color:$(aside.text);text-align:$startSide} #footer .subscrib-sec p{margin:0 0 10px;color:$(footer.text);text-align:$startSide} .subscrib-sec input[name="email"]{display:block;width:100%;padding:15px;margin:auto;line-height:0;outline:0;font-size:12px;border:0;border-radius:2px;direction:ltr;text-align:left} aside .subscrib-sec input[name="email"]{background-color:$(aside.line);color:$(aside.link)} #footer .subscrib-sec input[name="email"]{background-color:$(footer.line);color:$(footer.link)} .msg-send{font-family:inherit;display:block;padding:10px 30px 10px 20px;margin:5px auto 0;outline:0;border:0;border-radius:2px;background:-webkit-gradient(linear,$endSide,from($(keycolor)),to($(step.color)));background:linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));color:#FFF;font-weight:700;cursor:pointer;position:relative;overflow:hidden;width:100%;color:$(grad.color)} .msg-send:hover{-webkit-box-shadow:0 3px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.4);box-shadow:0 3px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.4)} .msg-send:before{content:"\f1d8";font-family:FontAwesome;position:absolute;top:10px;$startSide:10px;z-index:1;font-weight:normal} .msg-send:hover input[type="submit"]{color:#2c2c2c} .ltr .msg-send:before{-webkit-transform:rotateY(180deg);transform:rotateY(180deg)} .msg-send:hover:before{-webkit-animation:subs .3s ease-in-out;animation:subs .3s ease-in-out} @-webkit-keyframes subs{ from{top:37px;$startSide:38px} to{top:10px;$startSide:10px} } @keyframes subs{ from{top:37px;$startSide:38px} to{top:10px;$startSide:10px} } /* ------ LinkList & PageList Widget ------ */ .LinkList .widget-content li a, *:not(header) .PageList .widget-content li a{display:block;padding:13px 0;font-size:14px} .LinkList .widget-content li:first-child a, *:not(header) .PageList .widget-content li:first-child a{padding-top:0} aside .LinkList .widget-content li a,aside .PageList .widget-content li a{color:$(aside.link);border-bottom:1px solid $(aside.line)} footer .LinkList .widget-content li a,footer .PageList .widget-content li a{color:$(footer.link);display:block;border-bottom:1px solid $(footer.line)} aside .LinkList .widget-content li a::before, footer .LinkList .widget-content li a::before{content:"\f08b"} *:not(header) .PageList .widget-content li a::before{content:"\f0f6"} aside .LinkList .widget-content li a::before, footer .LinkList .widget-content li a::before,*:not(header) .PageList .widget-content li a::before{display:inline-block;vertical-align:top;font-family:fontawesome;margin-$endSide:10px;font-size:20px} aside .LinkList .widget-content li a::before,aside .PageList .widget-content li a::before{color:$(aside.link)} footer .LinkList li a::before,footer .PageList .widget-content li a::before{color:$(footer.line)} aside .LinkList .widget-content li a:hover,#footer .LinkList .widget-content li a:hover, *:not(header) .PageList .widget-content li a:hover{color:$(keycolor);border-bottom:1px solid $(keycolor)} aside .LinkList .widget-content li a:hover::before,#footer .LinkList .widget-content li a:hover::before{-webkit-animation:LinkIcon 0.2s linear;animation:LinkIcon 0.2s linear;color:$(keycolor)} *:not(header) .PageList .widget-content li a:hover::before{color:$(keycolor)} @-webkit-keyframes LinkIcon{100%{-webkit-transform:translateX(-5px);transform:translateX(-5px)}} @keyframes LinkIcon{100%{-webkit-transform:translateX(-5px);transform:translateX(-5px)}} /* ------ Popular Posts ------ */ .PopularPosts article{margin-bottom:15px;padding-bottom:15px;overflow:hidden} .PopularPosts article:last-of-type{margin-bottom:0;border-bottom:none} aside .PopularPosts article{border-bottom:1px solid $(aside.line)} #footer .PopularPosts article{border-bottom:1px solid $(footer.line)} .PopularPosts .post-date{display:inline-block;background-color:$(keycolor);text-align:$startSide;font-size:10px;color:$(grad.color);padding-$startSide:5px;padding-$endSide:10px;margin-bottom:5px} .PopularPosts .post-date i{background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.2);font-size:12px;display:inline-block;vertical-align:middle;padding:5px;color:$(grad.color);margin-$endSide:5px} .PopularPosts .item-thumbnail{display:block;overflow:hidden;float:$startSide;width:72px;height:72px;margin-$endSide:15px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px} .PopularPosts .item-thumbnail img{height:100%} .PopularPosts .item-thumbnail:hover img{-webkit-transform:scale(1.1) rotate(3deg);-ms-transform:scale(1.1) rotate(3deg);-moz-transform:scale(1.1) rotate(3deg);-o-transform:scale(1.1) rotate(3deg);transform:scale(1.1) rotate(3deg)} .PopularPosts .post-title{overflow:hidden;margin:0 0 5px;font-weight:700;font-size:16px} aside .PopularPosts .post-title a{color:$(aside.link)} #footer .PopularPosts .post-title a{color:$(footer.link)} .PopularPosts .post-title a:hover{color:$(keycolor)} .snippet-item{font-size:12px;text-align:justify;line-height:1.5em;margin:0} aside .snippet-item{color:$(aside.text)} #footer .snippet-item{color:$(footer.text)} /* ------ Featured Post ------ */ .FeaturedPost h2{margin:0 0 5px 0;line-height:1.5em;font-size:18px} .FeaturedPost .item-thumbnail,.FeaturedPost .item-thumbnail img{display:block;text-align:center;margin:0 auto;width:100%} .FeaturedPost .item-thumbnail{min-height:150px;overflow:hidden;margin-bottom:5px} aside .FeaturedPost h2{color:$(aside.link)} footer .FeaturedPost h2{color:$(footer.link)} .widget.FeaturedPost h2:hover{color:$(keycolor)} aside .FeaturedPost p{color:$(aside.text)} footer .FeaturedPost p{color:$(footer.text)} /* ------ Archive Widget ------ */ .BlogArchive select{background:transparent;width:100%;outline:none;padding:5px 20px;margin:0 auto;display:block;font-family:inherit;font-size:12px} .BlogArchive select:focus{border:1px solid $(keycolor)} aside .BlogArchive select{border:1px solid $(aside.line);color:$(aside.link)} #footer .BlogArchive select{border:1px solid $(footer.line);color:$(footer.link)} /* Flat */ .flat .archivedate .post-count{font-style:normal;float:$endSide} aside .flat .archivedate i{color:$(aside.text)} #footer .flat .archivedate i{color:$(footer.text)} .BlogArchive .flat .archivedate a{display:block;padding:7px 2px} aside .BlogArchive .flat .archivedate a{color:$(aside.link);border-bottom:1px dotted $(aside.line)} footer .BlogArchive .flat .archivedate a{color:$(footer.link);border-bottom:1px dotted $(footer.line)} .BlogArchive .flat .archivedate a::before{color:$(step.color);display:inline-block;content:"\f08d";-webkit-transform:rotate(45deg);-ms-transform:rotate(45deg);-moz-transform:rotate(45deg);-o-transform:rotate(45deg);transform:rotate(45deg);font-family:fontawesome;margin-$endSide:10px;vertical-align:middle} .BlogArchive .flat .archivedate:hover a{color:$(keycolor);border-bottom:1px dotted $(step.color)} .BlogArchive .archivedate:hover a:before{color:$(keycolor)} /* Hierarchy */ .hierarchy .hierarchy{margin-$startSide:10px} aside .hierarchy-title{background:$(aside.line);margin-bottom:5px;padding:8px 15px} #footer .hierarchy-title{background:$(footer.line);margin-bottom:5px;padding:5px 20px} aside .hierarchy .post-count-link,aside .hierarchy ul.posts a{color:$(aside.link)} #footer .post-count-link,#footer .hierarchy ul.posts a{color:$(footer.link)} .hierarchy .post-count{float:$endSide;color:#999} aside .hierarchy .post-count{color:$(aside.text)} #footer .hierarchy .post-count{color:$(footer.text)} .hierarchy ul.posts{margin-$startSide:0} .hierarchy ul.posts a{font-size:12px;display:block;padding:5px 0} .hierarchy ul.posts a:hover{border-bottom:1px solid $(step.color);color:$(keycolor);padding-$startSide:5px} aside .hierarchy ul.posts a{border-bottom:1px solid $(aside.line)} #footer .hierarchy ul.posts a{border-bottom:1px solid $(footer.line)} /* ------ Label Widget ------ */ .cloud-label-widget-content{overflow:hidden} .label-size{float:$startSide;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));padding:7px 15px;margin-$endSide:7px;margin-bottom:7px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2x;border-radius:2px;font-size:14px;color:$(grad.color);font-weight:700} .label-size a::before{content:"\f02b";font-family:fontawesome;display:inline-block;vertical-align:top;margin-$endSide:5px;-webkit-border-radius:100%;-moz-border-radius:100%;border-radius:100%;margin-top:-4px;font-size:14px;padding-top:5px;text-align:center;font-weight:400} .label-size:hover{-webkit-box-shadow:0 3px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.4);-moz-box-shadow:0 3px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.4);box-shadow:0 3px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.4)} .list-label-widget-content a{display:block;padding:5px 0} .label-size .label-count{display:none} .label-size:hover a:before{-webkit-animation:label .3s ease-in-out;-moz-animation:label .3s ease-in-out;-o-animation:label .3s ease-in-out;animation:label .3s ease-in-out} @-webkit-keyframes label { 50%{-webkit-transform:rotate(60deg);transform:rotate(60deg)} 100%{-webkit-transform:rotate(-60deg);transform:rotate(-60deg)} } @-moz-keyframes label { 50%{-webkit-transform:rotate(60deg);-moz-transform:rotate(60deg);transform:rotate(60deg)} 100%{-webkit-transform:rotate(-60deg);-moz-transform:rotate(-60deg);transform:rotate(-60deg)} } @-o-keyframes label { 50%{-webkit-transform:rotate(60deg);-o-transform:rotate(60deg);transform:rotate(60deg)} 100%{-webkit-transform:rotate(-60deg);-o-transform:rotate(-60deg);transform:rotate(-60deg)} } @keyframes label { 50%{-webkit-transform:rotate(60deg);-moz-transform:rotate(60deg);-o-transform:rotate(60deg);transform:rotate(60deg)} 100%{-webkit-transform:rotate(-60deg);-moz-transform:rotate(-60deg);-o-transform:rotate(-60deg);transform:rotate(-60deg)} } aside .list-label-widget-content .label-name{color:$(aside.link);border-bottom:1px dotted $(aside.line)} #footer .list-label-widget-content .label-name{color:$(footer.link);border-bottom:1px dotted $(footer.line)} .list-label-widget-content .label-name::before{content:"\f07b";font-family:fontawesome;margin-$endSide:10px;display:inline-block;vertical-align:top;-webkit-transition:.3s ease-out;-o-transition:.3s ease-out;-moz-transition:.3s ease-out;transition:.3s ease-out;width:20px;font-size:18px;text-align:$endSide} aside .list-label-widget-content .label-name::before{color:$(aside.line)} footer .list-label-widget-content .label-name::before{color:$(footer.line)} .list-label-widget-content .label-name:hover::before{content:"\f07c";color:$(keycolor)} aside .list-label-widget-content .label-count{float:$endSide;color:$(aside.text)} #footer .list-label-widget-content .label-count{float:$endSide;color:$(footer.text)} aside .list-label-widget-content .label-name:hover{color:$(keycolor);border-bottom:1px dotted $(keycolor)} #footer .list-label-widget-content .label-name:hover{color:$(keycolor);border-bottom:1px dotted $(keycolor)} /* ------ Statistics ------ */ .Stats img{width:auto;height:auto;display:inline-block;vertical-align:-4px;-webkit-border-radius:0;-moz-border-radius:0;border-radius:0;margin-$endSide:5px} .Stats .widget-content{text-align:center;font-size:30px;font-weight:700;font-family:Arial} aside .text-counter-wrapper{color:$(aside.link)} footer .text-counter-wrapper{color:$(footer.link)} /* ------ Contact Form ------ */ .post-body #ContactForm93{padding:$(main.padding);border:1px solid $(main.line)} .post-body #ContactForm93 .headline{display:none} .ContactForm form{position:relative} .ContactForm input[type='text'],.ContactForm textarea{display:block;width:100%;margin-bottom:5px;padding-top:15px;padding-bottom:5px;padding-$startSide:30px;padding-$endSide:20px;border:0;resize:vertical;outline:0;font-family:inherit;font-size:14px;font-weight:700;line-height:2em;background-color:transparent;position:relative;z-index:2} aside .ContactForm input[type='text'],aside .ContactForm textarea{border-bottom:2px solid $(aside.line);color:$(aside.text)} footer .ContactForm input[type='text'],footer .ContactForm textarea{border-bottom:2px solid $(footer.line);color:$(footer.text)} .ContactForm textarea{min-height:150px} .ContactForm input[type='text']:focus,.ContactForm textarea:focus{border-bottom:2px solid $(keycolor)} .ContactForm i{position:absolute;$startSide:0;font-size:18px} aside .ContactForm i{color:$(aside.text)} footer .ContactForm i{color:$(footer.text)} .ContactForm input[type='text']:foucs + i,.ContactForm textarea:focus + i{color:$(keycolor)} .ContactForm i:nth-of-type(1){top:17px} .ContactForm i:nth-of-type(2){top:70px} .ContactForm i:nth-of-type(3){top:130px} .ContactForm b{position:absolute;$startSide:30px;font-size:14px} aside .ContactForm b{position:absolute;$startSide:30px;color:$(aside.text)} footer .ContactForm b{position:absolute;$startSide:30px;color:$(footer.text)} .ContactForm b:nth-of-type(1){font-size:14px;top:15px} .ContactForm b:nth-of-type(2){font-size:14px;top:68px} .ContactForm b:nth-of-type(3){font-size:14px;top:128px} .ContactForm input[type='text']:nth-of-type(1):valid ~ b:nth-of-type(1),.ContactForm input[type='text']:nth-of-type(1):focus ~ b:nth-of-type(1){font-size:10px;top:-5px} .ContactForm input[type='text']:nth-of-type(2):valid ~ b:nth-of-type(2),.ContactForm input[type='text']:nth-of-type(2):focus ~ b:nth-of-type(2){font-size:10px;top:50px} .ContactForm textarea:valid ~ b:nth-of-type(3),.ContactForm textarea:focus ~ b:nth-of-type(3){font-size:10px;top:105px} body .ContactForm input[type='text']:valid + i + b, body .ContactForm textarea:valid + i + b{color:$(keycolor)} .ContactForm input[type='button']{outline:0;border:0;-webkit-border-radius:2px;-moz-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;background-color:$(keycolor);font-family:inherit;font-weight:700;font-size:18px;padding:10px 20px;float:$endSide;cursor:pointer;color:$(grad.color)} .ContactForm input[type='button']:hover{padding:10px 30px} body .ContactForm input[type='text']:valid+i, body .ContactForm textarea:valid+i{color:$(keycolor)} aside .contact-state{float:$startSide;color:$(aside.text)} footer .contact-state{float:$startSide;color:$(footer.text)} .contact-state img{float:$startSide;line-height:90px;margin-$endSide:10px} .contact-state p{line-height:11px} body .ContactForm input[type='text']:valid, body .ContactForm textarea:valid{border-bottom:2px solid $(keycolor)} /* ------ Feed ------ */ .Feed li{list-style:square;margin-$startSide:20px;padding-bottom:5px;margin-top:5px;border-bottom:1px solid} .Feed li:hover{color:$(keycolor);border-color:$(keycolor)} aside .Feed li{color:$(aside.text);border-color:$(aside.line)} footer .Feed li{color:$(footer.text);border-color:$(footer.line)} .Feed .item-title a{font-weight:700;display:block} aside .Feed .item-title a{color:$(aside.link)} footer .Feed .item-title a{color:$(footer.link)} .Feed .item-title a:hover{color:$(keycolor)} aside .Feed .item-date{color:$(aside.text)} footer .Feed .item-date{color:$(aside.text)} aside .Feed .item-author{color:$(footer.text)} footer .Feed .item-author{color:$(footer.text)} /* ------ Profile ------ */ .Profile .widget-content{overflow:hidden} .Profile .profile-img{float:$startSide;width:72px;height:72px;margin-$endSide:15px} .Profile a.profile-link.g-profile{display:block;font-weight:700;font-size:18px;margin-bottom:5px} aside .Profile a.profile-link.g-profile{color:$(aside.link)} footer .Profile a.profile-link.g-profile{color:$(footer.link)} .profile-textblock{font-size:12px;line-height:18px} aside .Profile .widget-content.individual a.profile-link:not(.g-profile){font-size:10px;color:$(aside.text);float:$endSide} footer .Profile .widget-content.individual a.profile-link:not(.g-profile){font-size:10px;color:$(footer.text);float:$endSide} .Profile .widget-content.individual dl.profile-datablock{margin:0} .Profile .team-member .profile-img{width:50px;height:50px} .Profile .widget-content.team li{clear:both;margin-bottom:10px;display:block;overflow:hidden;padding-bottom:10px;border-bottom:1px solid} aside .Profile .widget-content.team li{border-color:$(aside.line)} footer .Profile .widget-content.team li{border-color:$(footer.line)} .Profile .widget-content.team li:last-of-type{margin-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0;border-bottom:none} /*================= 🔹 Pages (Common) ===================*/ /* ------ More Posts ------ */ .more-posts{text-align:center} .more-posts a{display:inline-block;background-color:$(step.color);padding:7px 15px;color:$(grad.color);font-weight:bold;border-radius: 2px;} .more-posts a:hover{background-color:$(keycolor);padding:7px 20px} /*================= 🔹 Homepage ===================*/ /* ------ Common ------ */ .home-cate{margin-bottom:$(main.margin);clear:both} .home-cate .widget-content{padding:$(main.padding);border:1px solid $(main.line);overflow:hidden} .cate-link{margin:0;font-size:16px;overflow:hidden;max-height:45px} .cate-link a{color:$(main.link);line-height:1.3em} .cate-link a:hover{color:$(keycolor)} .cate-snippet{color:$(main.text);line-height:1.7em;margin:5px 0} .home-cate .details{margin-top:5px;line-height:1em} .home-cate .Item{overflow:hidden} .details > *{display:inline-block;vertical-align:top;font-size:11px} .details > * i{color:$(keycolor);margin-$endSide:5px} .details > *:first-child{margin-$endSide:10px} .details a:hover{text-decoration:underline;color:$(keycolor)} .details > *{color:$(main.text)} aside .details > *{color:$(aside.text)} #footer .details > *{color:$(footer.text)} .img-wrap:before{content:"\f0f6";font-size:20px;position:absolute;top:50%;$startSide:50%;margin-$startSide:-25px;margin-top:-25px;font-family:fontawesome;color:$(grad.color);line-height:51px;width:50px;height:50px;text-align:center;z-index:1;-webkit-transform:scale(0);-ms-transform:scale(0);-moz-transform:scale(0);-o-transform:scale(0);transform:scale(0);opacity:0} .img-wrap:after{content:"";-webkit-border-radius:100px;-moz-border-radius:100px;border-radius:100px;font-size:20px;border:4px solid $(grad.color);position:absolute;top:50%;$startSide:50%;margin-$startSide:-25px;margin-top:-25px;width:50px;height:50px;-webkit-transform:scale(1.5);-ms-transform:scale(1.5);-moz-transform:scale(1.5);-o-transform:scale(1.5);transform:scale(1.5);opacity:0} .img-wrap:hover:before,.img-wrap:hover:after{-webkit-transform:scale(1);-ms-transform:scale(1);-moz-transform:scale(1);-o-transform:scale(1);transform:scale(1);opacity:1} /* ------ Sections ------ */ .two-cols .section{width:-webkit-calc((100% - 15px)/3);width:-moz-calc((100% - 15px)/3);width:calc((100% - 15px)/3);float:$startSide} .two-cols .section.wide-$startSide{width:-webkit-calc((100% - 15px) / 3 * 2);width:-moz-calc((100% - 15px) / 3 * 2);width:calc((100% - 15px) / 3 * 2);margin-$endSide:15px} .two-cols .section.wide-$endSide{width:-webkit-calc(((100% - 15px) / 3) * 2);width:-moz-calc(((100% - 15px) / 3) * 2);width:calc(((100% - 15px) / 3) * 2);margin-$startSide:15px} .two-cols.no-wide .section{width:-webkit-calc((100% - 15px) / 2);width:-moz-calc((100% - 15px) / 2);width:calc((100% - 15px) / 2)} .two-cols.no-wide .section:first-child{margin-$endSide:15px} .three-cols .section{width:-webkit-calc((100% - 30px)/3);width:-moz-calc((100% - 30px)/3);width:calc((100% - 30px)/3);float:$startSide} .three-cols .section:nth-of-type(2){margin-$endSide:15px;margin-$startSide:14px} .cate .section.not(.no-items){margin-bottom:$(main.margin)} /* ------ Recent Posts Widget ------ */ .index-posts .status a{float:$endSide;margin:0} .index-posts .img-wrap{float:$startSide;width:300px;height:180px;margin-$endSide:15px} .index-posts h2{margin:0 0 5px 0} .index-posts .post-outer{padding-bottom:20px;border-bottom:1px solid $(main.line);margin-bottom:20px;overflow:hidden} .status-msg-body{border:1px solid $(main.line);margin-bottom:20px;padding:$(main.padding);color:$(main.text)} .status-msg-body a{color:$(keycolor);margin-$endSide:10px} .status-msg-body b{color:$(main.color)} .status-msg-body a:hover{text-decoration:underline} .index-posts .PLHolder{opacity:0.5;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color))} /*================= 🔹 Post Page ===================*/ .item-page header{margin-bottom:$(main.margin)} .post-body{font-size:15px;color:$(main.text);line-height:2em} .separator a{color:$(main.link)} .separator a:hover{color:$(keycolor);text-decoration:underline} .post-body h3,.post-body h2,.post-body h4{background-color:$(main.line);padding:10px 20px;color:$(main.title);display:block;margin:5px 0 15px;border-bottom:1px solid $(main.line)} .post-body br{content:'';margin:15px;display:block} .post-body iframe{max-width:100%} .CSS_LIGHTBOX{z-index:999999!important} .post-body a{color:$(keycolor);text-decoration:underline} .post-body a:hover{color:$(step.color)} /* ------ Ads ------ */ .Top-Ad,.Bottom-Ad{text-align:center;clear:both} .Top-Ad{margin-bottom:20px} .Bottom-Ad{margin-top:20px} .Middle-Ad.fixedAd{float:$endSide;margin-$startSide:20px;text-align:center} .Middle-Ad:not(.fixedAd){margin-bottom:20px;clear:both;text-align:center} /* ------ Full Width ------ */ .fullwidth-topic{padding:$(main.padding);margin-top:35px;border:1px solid $(main.line)} /* ------ Post Title ------ */ .topic-title{margin:0;padding:20px;background:-webkit-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-o-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:-moz-linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));background:linear-gradient(45deg,$(keycolor),$(step.color));-webkit-border-radius:100px;-moz-border-radius:100px;border-radius:100px;position:relative;-webkit-box-shadow:0 3px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.2);-moz-box-shadow:0 3px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.2);box-shadow:0 3px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.2);font-size:22px;color:#fff;text-align:center;line-height:1.3em;text-shadow:1px 1px 2px rgba(0,0,0,0.5)} /* ------ Post Tools ------ */ article .topic-tools{display:inline-block;vertical-align:top;padding:5px 15px;background-color:$(menu.back);-webkit-border-radius:0 0 5px 5px;-moz-border-radius:0 0 5px 5px;border-radius:0 0 5px 5px} /* ------ Zoom ------ */ .zooming{text-align:center;width:110px;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;user-select:none} .zooming b{color:$(menu.text);margin:0 2px;display:inline-block;vertical-align:top;font-size:12px} .zooming i{color:$(step.color);border:2px solid $(keycolor);width:20px;display:inline-block;text-align:center;height:20px;-webkit-border-radius:100px;border-radius:100px;vertical-align:top;padding-top:3px;font-size:11px;cursor:pointer} .zooming i:hover{color:$(keycolor);border:2px solid $(keycolor)} .zooming i.disb{color:$(menu.text);border:2px solid $(menu.text);cursor:not-allowed} /* ------ Post Details ------ */ .topic-details{margin:0 5%;font-size:0;width:-webkit-calc(80% - 105px);width:calc(80% - 105px)} .topic-details > *{margin-$endSide:10px;color:$(menu.text);display:inline-block;vertical-align:top;margin-$endSide:15px;font-size:10px} .topic-details i{margin-$endSide:5px;color:$(keycolor)} .topic-details a:hover{color:$(keycolor);text-decoration:underline} .topic-details .categ{position:relative;margin-$endSide:0} .topic-details .categ a:first-of-type{position:relative} .topic-details .categ a{display:inline-block;vertical-align:middle;margin-$endSide:5px} .rtl .topic-details .categ a:first-of-type:after{content:"\f100"} .ltr .topic-details .categ a:first-of-type:after{content:"\f101"} .topic-details .categ a:first-of-type:after{line-height:12px;content:"\f100";font-family:FontAwesome;font-size:12px;color:$(menu.text);display:inline-block;vertical-align:middle;margin-$startSide:5px;text-decoration:none} .topic-details .categ a:last-of-type{margin-$endSide:0} .topic{color:$(main.color);padding:$(main.padding);margin:15px auto 0;overflow:hidden;text-align:justify;line-height:2.2;border:1px solid $(main.line);margin-bottom:$(main.margin)} /* ------ Post Blockquote ------ */ .post-body blockquote{width:90%;clear:both;-webkit-print-color-adjust:exact;padding:10px 30px;margin:15px auto;line-height:2;text-indent:15px;background:-webkit-gradient(linear,$endSide,from($(keycolor)),to($(step.color)));background:linear-gradient(to $endSide,$(keycolor),$(step.color));color:$(grad.color);border-radius:5px;position:relative} [dir='rtl'] .post-body blockquote:before,[dir='ltr'] .post-body blockquote:after{content:"\f10e";} [dir='ltr'] .post-body blockquote:before,[dir='rtl'] .post-body blockquote:after{content:"\f10d";} .post-body blockquote:before{top:0;$startSide:-4px} .post-body blockquote:before,blockquote:after{font-family:FontAwesome;font-size:20px;color:$(main.back);position:absolute} .post-body blockquote:after{bottom:0;$endSide:15px} /* ------ Post Elements ------ */ .post-body ol{list-style-type:decimal} .post-body ul{list-style-type:disc;margin-$startSide:40px} .post-body li{padding-$startSide:10px} .post-body img{width:auto;height:auto;display:inline;max-width:100%} .separator a{display:block} /* ------ Post Pagination ----- */ .post-pages{position:relative;clear:both;overflow:hidden;margin-top:15px} .post-pages:before{content:"";background-color:$(main.line);height:5px;position:absolute;width:100%;top:15px} a.next-page,a.prev-page{z-index:1;background-color:$(main.back);position:relative;border:2px solid $(keycolor);border-radius:100px;color:$(keycolor)} a.next-page:hover,a.prev-page:hover{border:2px solid $(step.color);color:$(step.color)} a.next-page:hover:before,a.prev-page:hover:before{background-color:$(step.color)} .rtl a.prev-page{margin-right:10px;-webkit-box-shadow:10px 0 0, -20px 0 0 #FFF;box-shadow:10px 0 0, -20px 0 0 #FFF;float:$startSide;padding:5px 10px 5px 15px} .ltr a.prev-page{margin-left:10px;-webkit-box-shadow:-10px 0 0, 20px 0 0 #FFF;box-shadow:-10px 0 0, 20px 0 0 #FFF;float:$startSide;padding:5px 10px 5px 15px} .rtl a.next-page{margin-left:10px;-webkit-box-shadow:-10px 0 0, 20px 0 0 #FFF;box-shadow:-10px 0 0, 20px 0 0 #FFF;float:$endSide;padding:5px 15px 5px 10px} .ltr a.next-page{margin-right:10px;-webkit-box-shadow:10px 0 0, -20px 0 0 #FFF;box-shadow:10px 0 0, -20px 0 0 #FFF;float:$endSide;padding:5px 15px 5px 10px} a.next-page:before,a.prev-page:before{font-family:fontawesome;background-color:$(keycolor);width:21px;height:21px;border-radius:100px;text-align:center;color:$(grad.color);font-size:16px} .rtl a.next-page:before{content:"\f104"} .rtl a.prev-page:before{content:"\f105"} .ltr a.next-page:before{content:"\f105"} .ltr a.prev-page:before{content:"\f104"} a.next-page:before{float:$endSide;margin-$startSide:10px} a.prev-page:before{float:$startSide;margin-$endSide:10px} /* ------ Edit Post Button ------ */ .edit-post a:before{content:"\f040";font-family:fontawesome;display:inline-block;font-weight:normal;margin-$endSide:10px} .edit-post a{display:block;width:150px;text-align:center;padding:10px 0;border-radius:100px;font-weight:bold;background-color:$(step.color);margin:20px auto 0;color:$(main.back)} .edit-post a:hover{width:170px;background-color:$(keycolor)} /* ------ Post Share ------ */ .topic-share .social{display:block;width:100%;margin-$startSide:0;padding-top:$(main.margin);border-top:1px solid $(main.line);text-align:center;position:static;top:auto;$startSide:auto;z-index:1;font-size:0;margin-top:$(main.margin)} .topic-share .social li{display:inline-block;vertical-align:top;min-width:120px;margin:0 5px 5px 0;padding:0} .topic-share .social li a:hover{-webkit-box-shadow:0 90px 75px 1px rgba(255,255,255,0.0) inset,0 3px 5px -2px rgba(0,0,0,0.3);box-shadow:0 90px 75px 1px rgba(255,255,255,0.0) inset,0 3px 5px -2px rgba(0,0,0,0.3);-webkit-animation:Share .2s ease-in-out;animation:Share .2s ease-in-out} @-webkit-keyframes Share{ 50%{-webkit-transform:scaleX(0.9);transform:scaleX(0.9)} 100%{-webkit-transform:scaleX(1.1);transform:scaleX(1.1)} } @keyframes Share{ 50%{-webkit-transform:scaleX(0.9);transform:scaleX(0.9)} 100%{-webkit-transform:scaleX(1.1);transform:scaleX(1.1)} } .topic-share .social li a{display:block;padding:5px 6px;font-size:13px;font-family:inherit;color:#FFF;-webkit-box-shadow:0 90px 75px 1px rgba(255,255,255,0.1) inset;box-shadow:0 90px 75px 1px rgba(255,255,255,0.1) inset;border-radius:100px;text-align:$startSide;height:40px;overflow:hidden} .topic-share .social li a:before{font-size:16px;font-family:fontawesome;display:inline-block;vertical-align:-2px;margin-$endSide:8px;background-color:rgba(0,0,0,0.2);width:30px;height:30px;text-align:center;border-radius:100px;padding-top:8px;-webkit-transition:.2s ease-in-out;transition:.2s ease-in-out;float:$startSide} .topic-share .social li a:hover b{margin-top:2px} .topic-share .social li a b{float:$startSide;margin-$endSide:5px;margin-top:8px;-webkit-transition-delay:.2s;transition-delay:.2s} .topic-share .social li a:hover span{margin-top:-11px} .topic-share .social li a span{font-size:10px;color:rgba(255,255,255,0.5);display:block;clear:both;float:$startSide;margin-$startSide:38px;margin-top:6px;-webkit-transition-delay:.2s;transition-delay:.2s} .topic-share .social li a:hover:before{background-color:#FFF;-webkit-animation:Share2 .2s ease-in-out;animation:Share2 .2s ease-in-out} @-webkit-keyframes Share2{ 50%{-webkit-transform:scale(0.8);transform:scale(0.8)} 100%{-webkit-transform:scale(1.3);transform:scale(1.3)} } @keyframes Share2{ 50%{-webkit-transform:scale(0.8);transform:scale(0.8)} 100%{-webkit-transform:scale(1.3);transform:scale(1.3)} } .topic-share .social li a.fa-envelope:before{font-size:14px} .topic-share .social li a.fa-facebook {background-color:#3b5998} .topic-share .social li a.fa-twitter {background-color:#1da1f2} .topic-share .social li a.fa-pinterest-p {background-color:#cc2127} .topic-share .social li a.fa-google-plus {background-color:#dd4b39} .topic-share .social li a.fa-phone {background-color:#189d0e} .topic-share .social li a.fa-envelope {background-color:#7954ad} .topic-share .social li a.fa-print {background-color:#555555} .topic-share .social li a.fa-facebook:hover:before {color:#3b5998} .topic-share .social li a.fa-twitter:hover:before {color:#1da1f2} .topic-share .social li a.fa-pinterest-p:hover:before {color:#cc2127} .topic-share .social li a.fa-google-plus:hover:before {color:#dd4b39} .topic-share .social li a.fa-phone:hover:before {color:#189d0e} .topic-share .social li a.fa-envelope:hover:before {color:#7954ad} .topic-share .social li a.fa-print:hover:before {color:#555555} /* ------ Post Reactions ------ */ .reaction-buttons {border-top:1px solid $(main.line);display:block;margin:$(main.margin) 0 0;padding-top:$(main.margin)} .reactions-label{display:inline-block;vertical-align:top;font-weight:bold;color:$(main.text)} iframe.reactions-iframe{height:20px;display:inline-block;vertical-align:sub} /* ------ Topic Author ------ */ .topic-author{margin-top:$(main.margin);width:100%;margin-$endSide:0;padding:$(main.padding);overflow:hidden;border:1px solid $(main.line);position:relative} .topic-author .author-img{float:$startSide;width:72px;height:72px;margin-$endSide:10px;border-radius:5px;overflow:hidden} .topic-author .author-img img{width:100%} .topic-author h4{display:inline-block;margin:0;font-size:15px;background:$(keycolor);color:#FFF;padding:3px 15px;border-radius:2px;margin-bottom:5px} .author-about{font-size:11px;color:$(main.text);text-align:justify;float:$startSide;width:calc(100% - 100px)} /* ------ Topic Comments ------ */ .topic-comments{margin-top:$(main.margin)} #comment-editor{margin-top:20px} .comments-tabs .comments-info{margin-bottom:15px;overflow:hidden;font-size:12px} .comments-tabs .comments-count{float:$startSide;padding:5px 0;font-size:14px;position:relative;color:$(main.text)} .comments-tabs .go-respond{float:$startSide;padding:5px 15px;margin:0 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موضوعات هامة

آلة طباعة هيروغليفية قديمة عادت الحياة لأقدم آلة طباعة هيروغليفية / الأهرام نيوز

الخط

آلة طباعة هيروغليفية قديمة عادت الحياة لأقدم آلة طباعة هيروغليفية

 

كتب /ايمن بحر


في أوائل القرن الماضي كانت العاصمة المصرية على موعد مع استقبال آلة طباعة عجيبة شُحنت على متن سفينة من فرنسا، وبعد رحلة طويلة وشاقة في عرض البحر المتوسط استقرت الآلة الجديدة في المعهد الفرنسي للآثار الشرقية بحي المنيرة وسط القاهرة لتبدأ رحلتها في طباعة آلاف المخطوطات بحروف هيروغليفية.


وبعد توقف دام نحو 30 عاما عادت آلة طباعة الأحرف الهيروغليفية مؤخرا للعمل لتعيد للذاكرة ألق الماضي ودورها في خدمة علم المصريات.


ويروي مدير قسم النشر في المعهد الفرنسي للآثار الشرقية ماتيو غوس قصة آلة الطباعة تلك، فيقول: تعود قصتها إلى عام 1902 عندما قمنا بشرائها من شركة Foucher في فرنسا ووصلت إلى مصر بعد رحلة استكشافية طويلة في البحر المتوسط


وعن طريقة عمل الآلة يشرح غوس إنها آلة ثمينة للغاية إذ تقوم بصب الأحرف فهي تصنع أحرف الرصاص التي يتم وضعها على ألواح للطباعة لافتا إلى أن هذا النظام كان معمولا به في مجال الطباعة قبل ظهور التقنيات الجديدة مثل المطابع الرقمية والأوفست


وابتكر المعهد العلمي الفرنسي للآثار الشرقية خطًا هيروغليفيا في البداية وصل إلى 3500 حرف في عام 1907 ثم بدأ العدد في التوسع إلى أن وصل إلى 7 آلاف علامة هيروغليفية في عام 1983.


وبحسب غوس سمح هذا الابتكار بنشر كتابات النحت الجداري في معابد العصر البطلمي بجنوب الوادي مثل إسنا وإدفو ودندرة فلم يكن من الممكن نشر الآلاف من الكتابات الهيروغليفية دون هذه الآلة على حد قوله.


ويصف الرجل دورة عمل آلة الطباعة حيث تستغرق ساعة ونصف على الأقل بدءا من تحضير مصفوفة نحاسية تمثل الهيروغليفية ثم تقوم الماكينة، التي تعمل بالضغط والغاز بصهر الرصاص عند 350 درجة وإعادة إنتاج النموذج بأي عدد نريده من الأحرف التي يصل عددها إلى 7 آلاف ثم يتم وضع هذه الأحرف على لوحات لتتم طباعتها.وبعد ظهور تقنيات الطباعة الحديثة أصبحت هذه العملية الميكانيكية المعقدة شيئا من الماضي لكن غوس قرر استعادة هذا الماضي وإصلاح آلة الطباعة إذ يرى أن أفضل طريقة لحماية التراث هي الحفاظ عليه والتعريف به بشكل صحيح، واستخدام هذه الآلة التي يعتبرها كنزًا.


وبعدما تمكن الميكانيكي المصري هاني معوض من إصلاح الأجزاء التالفة وإعادة تشغيل هذه الآلة التاريخية في سبتمبر الماضي ظهرت عقبة جديدة إذ لم يكن هناك من يستطيع العمل على هذه الآلة بعد توقفها كل هذه المدة.


لكن غوس استطاع تجاوز الأمر بعد أن طلب من حسام سعد الموظف السابق بالمطبعة -المتقاعد حاليا- أن يأتي ويدرب العمال الشباب وبالفعل تدرب على يديه هاني حسام وأحمد فتحي اللذين أصبحا قادرين على استخدام الآلة باحترافية.


ويوضح مدير قسم النشر بالمعهد الفرنسي للآثار الشرقية: نحن في وقت يتعين فيه على الأجيال الأكبر سنا نقل المعرفة إلى الشباب لذا نسعى لتنظيم ورش عمل مع الطلاب والمهنيين لتعليمهم نظام الطباعة وسنكون قادرين أيضا على طباعة نماذج صغيرة باستخدام آلات طباعة الحروف، التي تختلف كثيرا عن الطباعة الرقمية أو الأوفست.قابلت فنانين ومصممي غرافيك وحتى ناشرين مهتمين بهذا المشروع هناك حنين لهذه التقنيات القديمة يصف غوس الشغف المصاحب لإعادة تشغيل آلة الطباعة موضحا: يبحث بعض المحترفين عن هذا النوع الخاص جدا من الطباعة لذا فإن هناك غرض آخر إلى جانب تعليم عمل الطباعة في الماضي فلدينا بُعد فني كبير يمكن تحقيقه


ويختتم الرجل حديثه بالتأكيد على أهمية المشروع قائلا: "يتعلق الأمر بصلتنا والتزامنا بالتراث والماضي والتاريخ يجب أن نضمن نقل التقنيات القديمة حتى لا تختفي المعرفة إذ يوجد عدد قليل جدا من دور الطباعة في العالم بإمكانها استخدام مثل هذه الآلات


وتابع: أعتقد أيضا أن هناك طريقة لاستخدام التقنيات القديمة في أعمال التصميم الغرافيتي الحديثة ستكون النتيجة مثيرة للاهتمام على أي حال


يشار إلى أن المعهد الفرنسي للآثار الشرقية أُُسس في عام 1880 وهو ضمن شبكة المعاهد الفرنسية في الخارج التابعة لوزارة التعليم العالي. ويتيح المعهد للباحثين دراسة الحضارات التي تعاقبت في مصر، منذ فترة ما قبل التاريخ حتى التاريخ المعاصر من زاوية الآثار والتاريخ والدراسات اللغوية.


وبحسب الموقع الرسمي للمعهد، يتوزع باحثوه من الفرنسيين والمصريين والأجانب بصفة تقليدية في قسمين: الأول مخصص لـ دراسات المصريات وعلم البرديات والثاني مخصص للـ دراسات القبطية والعربية والإسلامية

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